Alfred National Park contains some of the most southerly occurrences of warm temperate rainforest in Australia. Many plant species found in the park are uncommon in the rest of Victoria. The park protects high conservation values, rare flora and fauna and diverse landscape values. There are many wet forest and rainforest bird species including ground thrush, lyrebirds, pilot-birds, powerful owl and the brown flycatcher. Wallabies and wombats also inhabit the park. Warm temperate rainforest with many species of native orchid and Victorian tree-ferns including rough, smooth, soft and prickly varieties. Lilly-Pilly and Kanooka trees are also common in the park.